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Newsletter (January 2005)
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What’s New

APTLD APTLD Kyoto Meeting
Registrations are now open for the 2005 APTLD AGM and Technical Workshop, being held in conjunction with the APRICOT Conference at Kyoto, Japan. The APTLD meetings are 20-22 February. Please register as soon as possible for this meeting.

APTLD Secretariat Handover
With the completion of the handover, the new APTLD secretariat formally thanks the old secretariat for a job well done and a smoothly managed transition. The new team is Jordan Carter (APTLD Secretariat Manager), Isabel Carberry (Accounts), Gale Blikshavn (Website) and Peter Macaulay (InternetNZ Executive Director). We offer all APTLD members our commitment to deliver excellent service and to actively pursue APTLD’s goals. Jordan and Pete will be in Kyoto for APRICOT and look forward to meeting the members who will be attending.

Research Site Finder and Internet Governance by JONATHAN WEINBERG (University of Ottawa Journal of Law and Technology)
Abstract: In this paper, I unpack the Site Finder story. Site Finder was highly undesirable from a technical standpoint; it contravened key elements of Internet architecture. ICANN had power to force VeriSign to withdraw it, though, only if VeriSign was violating the terms of its registry contracts. The arguments that Site Finder violated VeriSign’s contractual obligations are plausible, but they don’t derive their force from Site Finder’s architectural or stability consequences. The registry contracts gave ICANN no hook to invoke those concerns; if VeriSign was in breach, it was by happenstance. Part of the lesson of Site Finder is that there needs to be an effective institutional mechanism for protecting the domain name space infrastructure from unilateral, profit-driven change that bypasses the protections and consensus mechanisms of the traditional Internet standards process. Notwithstanding ICANN’s flaws, it may be better suited than any other existing institution to protect against that threat. Yet ICANN regulation is itself highly problematic, and so any plan to expand its authority must be approached with care.

Survey Predicts Attacks on the Network Infrastructure Within 10 Years
Pew Internet Project has released a report called “The Future of the Internet” based on a recently conducted survey where 1,286 internet experts are said to have looked at the future impact of the internet and assessed predictions about how technology and society will unfold. The following is and excerpt from the report predicting at least one devastating attack will occur in the next 10 years on the networked information infrastructure or the United States power grid.

The Future of the Internet (Pew Internet Survey)
A wide-ranging survey of technology leaders, scholars, industry officials, and interested members of the public finds that most experts expect the internet to be more deeply integrated in our physical environments with mixed results.

ICANN May Be the Only Game in Town, But Marina del Rey Isn’t the Only Town on Earth: Some Thoughts on the So-Called “Uniqueness” of the Internet Volker Kitz (Southern Methodist University Computer Law Review & Technology Journal) – pdf
This article argues that this is an incorrect assumption and that the world need not depend on ICANN as it presently does. First, the current domain name system (�DNS�) will be briefly explained and then its inherent difficulties explicated. The article will then compare the system to traditional concepts of global communication and explain why cyberspace can and should adopt telecommunications as a model. Finally, it will explore an alternative system in which ICANN would lose its unparalleled status.

Internet Domain Name Disputes: Working Toward a Global Solution by Sue Ann Mota (Southern Methodist University Computer Law Review & Technology Journal) – pdf
The Internet is essential to the growth of the global economy and the Domain Name System is essential to accessing sites on the Internet. Over 170 registrars are accredited to issue top-level domains, such as .com, .net, and .org. Frequently, however, disputes arise over who should own a particular domain name. ICANN has adopted a Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (UDRP) to address these disputes. ICANN has approved four dispute resolution service providers that are currently handling domain name disputes. This article will examine the success rate of complaints, the elements that must be proven in a domain name dispute, the fees charged, and the number of disputes handled by the four dispute resolution providers. In addition, this article will make recommendations for improving the current system.

ICANN

ICANN Requests Public Comments on Experiences with Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy
The Inter-Registrar Transfer Policy, a consensus policy developed through the ICANN policy development process, was finalized in July of this year and went into effect on 12 November 2004 after a four-month implementation phase. All ICANN-accredited registrars and unsponsored gTLD registry operators are required to follow this policy.

ICANN Extends Public Comment Period for ICANN Strategic Plan
As resolved during the recent ICANN Annual Meeting in Cape Town, South Africa, ICANN is extending the public comment period on its Strategic Plan to 28 February, 2005. ICANN encourages all members of the community to participate in this public comment forum.

Independent GNSO Council Review Posted

In fulfillment of the GNSO Council Terms of Reference, and ICANN Board Resolution 04.91, the independent review of the GNSO Council has been completed and is now available for public comment. The public comment period will conclude on 24 January 2005.

Unnoticed fee could raise Net domain costs
Internet users may soon be required to pay an additional annual fee for each domain name they own, thanks to a virtually unnoticed requirement that will begin to take effect next year.

ICANN asks VeriSign to suspend typo hijacking
VeriSign declines Last week, VeriSign launched their SiteFinder initiative where users who mistype .com or .net addresses (or type other invalid domain names) have their web browsers hijacked and are shunted to a VeriSign search page. Reactions to this move were swift and harsh. There was news that some anti-spam methods would no longer work, and SMTP protocols were broken with mis-sent email ending up at VeriSign’s table. There have also been at least two lawsuits filed over the move.

InternetNZ wins bid to host ICANN in Wellington
InternetNZ has won its bid for New Zealand to host a meeting of Icann, the private sector organisation responsible for coordinating policy relating to Internet domain names and IP addresses.

African Internet Leaders Express Support for ICANN
The ICANN yesterday announced that during the ICANN meetings in Cape Town, South Africa, African Internet Service Provider Associations (AfrISPA) released a statement of support for ICANN and its successful co-ordination of IP addresses and the Internet domain name system.

ICANN Three Year Strategic Plan:
Call for Public Comment ICANN has released a three year ICANN Strategic Plan for public comment.

ICANN Rules Out ITU Merger
Extending the mandate of the ICANN could do irreparable harm to it and Internet governance in the future, says ICANN CEO Paul Twomey.

Will New ICANN Rules Fight Domain Transfer Fraud?
Some observers are concerned that new rules governing the transfer of Internet domains between domain registrars that went into effect on Nov. 12 will facilitate theft of those domains and “slamming” by registrars.

Generic Names

ICANN accepts bids to operate .net registry
The contest to operate the Internet’s .net domain has begun, with four leading domain name service providers submitting bids to the ICANN by the midnight Tuesday deadline. more

ICANN Receives Five Applications to Operate .NET
ICANN today announced that in response to a request for proposals (RFP), it has received five applications to operate the .NET Top-Level Domain for a term no less than six years. The current .NET Registry Agreement between ICANN and VeriSign, Inc. was signed in May 2001 and will expire on 30 June 2005. VeriSign is eligible to be considered for designation as the successor registry operator.

ICANN is seeking Public Comments for DotNet RFP Application

Where Did the .ORG Money Go?
A friend pointed me to the latest Internet Society budget for 2005 :- ISOC is expecting PIR (ie, .ORG) to contribute 3.4M to the society! Wow, thats 2-3x as much as what Internet Society gets from its membership! I think that’s pretty neat because ISOC has been in the red for many years and could certainly use some help financially. After all, it is hosting IETF and also paying for the IANA registry and RFC-Editors, all of which is critical to the Internet standardization process.

Kenny Huang appointed to NRO Number Council
The APNIC Executive Council has appointed Kenny Huang to be the representative of the APNIC region on the Number Resource Organization (NRO) Number Council

uk: Misleading Domain Name Claims Stopped
A Swansea-based businessman has stopped making misleading statements about internet domain name registrations following OFT court action.

be: Record year for Belgian internet name registrations
The year 2004 was a record for new “.be” domain name registrations, according to figures released by DNS BE, the company in charge of registrations.

UAE working with other countries to develop Arabic domain names
UAEnic, the entity which oversees domain name issues in the country, is working with counterparts in Saudi Arabia and Qatar to develop domain names in the Arabic language, confirmed a top official.

The NRO Executive Council (EC) as of January 1 2005
The members are Axel Pawlik (RIPE NCC), Raol Echeberra (LACNIC), Ray Plzak (ARIN) and Paul Wilson (APNIC).

.Mobi’s Contentious Ride
The .mobi domain name extension will hurt the Internet, according to a number of industry folks opposed to its potential approval. The Device Independence Working Group (DIWG) of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is just one group making noise amidst .mobi negotiations.

Why “.mobi” is Bad for the Web
On December 14, ICANN gave the go-ahead to the “.mobi” top level domain. Does it stand for “more odious business interests” or “might obnoxiously break the Internet?”

Reaction to New Top Level Domains
ICANN’s latest announcement of preliminary approval for two new top level domains (.mobi and .jobs) and it’s recently ended meetings in Cape Town, South Africa, have sparked off renewed discussions for the introduction of new TLDs — more specifically, the expansion of sponsored and generic top level domains (TLDs). The following is a collection of recent commentaries made by both technical and non-technical members of the community with regards to the expansion of the domain name space. To add your comments to this collection, please use the comment entry form at the bottom of the page.

Addressing Arabic Surname Tops This Week’s Sales Chart And .US Notches It’s 2nd New TLD Win in a Row
The biggest sales news this week is what you don’t see. We have often pointed out that many of the largest domain sales are never reported due to Non Disclosure Agreements (NDA’s). This week is a good example. We saw wire transfer documentation of a six-figure sale of a nice .com keyword, however the seller’s contract with the buyer prohibits release of the name. In addition, one of the major venues had a nice $75,000 sale they could not release. As we head into the New Year these are good reminders that the sales that are made public represent just a sampling of overall market activity which continues to boom.

Is the Internet truly global?
CNETAsia’s Winston Chai argues that it’s high time the Net could handle addresses with non-Roman characters.

Examining the Proposed Internationalization of TLDs
Last month, John Klensin wrote an article published here on CircleID regarding Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) Top Level Domains (TLD). Based on his Internet Draft, John suggests using language translation in the application for TLD. The advantage of this method is that all existing TLDs can now be represented in any number of languages without additional need for ICANN to create new TLD.
http://www.circleid.com/article/814_0_1_0_C/

Reforming Whois
Now that we’re into the New Year and deadline for public comment on the proposed new .CA whois policy nears and now that my term as a CIRA Director enters its home stretch, I wanted to take some time to elaborate further on my Unsanctioned Whois Concepts post from long ago and revise it somewhat.

CENTR

Call for Nominations: CENTR Executive Committee 2005-2007
The CENTR Secretariat is seeking nominations for candidates to stand for the CENTR Executive Committee for a two year term. Three positions are due to become vacant at our 2005 AGM in February.

WSIS
OECD: Meeting on Economic and Social Implications of ICT, Antigua, Guatemala from 18-Jan-2005 to 19-Jan-2005
As part of the preparatory process of the second phase of the World Summit on the Information Society (to be held in Tunis on 16-18 November 2005) the OECD is collaborating with UNCTAD, ILO and the ITC in organising a WSIS Thematic Meeting on the Economic and Social Implications of ICT. OECD’s work on the links between ICTs and economic growth, social development and performance of enterprises that has been carried out under the aegis of ICCP and WPIE will provide some of the fundamental arguments presented at this meeting.

The Accountable Net: Who Should Be Accountable? By Esther Dyson
Two weeks ago, the Federal Trade Commission held a summit on e-mail authentication in Washington, DC; the community of people who handle bulk mail came together and agreed on standards and processes that should help reduce the proliferation of spoofed mail and fraudulent offers. This was a big, collective step in the right direction.

WSIS thematic Meeting on Economic and Social Implications of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
Organized by ILO/ITC/OECD/UNCTAD, the outcome of the thematic meeting will feed into the preparatory process for the Tunis phase of the World Summit on the Information Society, which is being organized by the International Telecommunication Union.

Bangladesh’s 14-pt suggestion on ICT for SAARC summit
Bangladesh working group on World Summit on Information Society (WSIS) yesterday proposed a 14-point recommendation on ICT for inclusion into the 13th SAARC summit agenda.

Discussion Forum on Priorities in Internet Governance for the Asia-Pacific Region
For information on the forum and how to participate, complete and submit the information requested via the link below. The forum will enable stakeholders from the Asia and Pacific region to express and discuss their views and concerns on a broad range of Internet governance issues, and will contribute to the global discussion underway in the WSIS and WGIG. ORDIG will also look beyond the WSIS process and develop a long-term platform for the exchange of ideas and concerns about ICT policy issues among stakeholders from the region.

Register Now for Discussion Forum on Priorities in Internet Governance for the Asia-Pacific Region
This initiative, the Open Regional Dialogue on Internet Governance (ORDIG), will enable stakeholders from the Asia and Pacific region to express and discuss their views and concerns on a broad range of Internet governance issues, and will contribute to the global discussion underway in the WSIS and WGIG. ORDIG will also look beyond the WSIS process and develop a long-term platform for the exchange of ideas and concerns about ICT policy issues among stakeholders from the region.

ICANN agrees to provide contribution to the WGIG Secretariat
The ICANN Board agreed to provide a contribution to the Working Group on Internet Governance (WGIG) Secretariat. The WGIG was established by the Secretary General of the United Nations in order to “develop a working definition of Internet governance” and “identify the public policy issues that are relevant to Internet governance.” The WGIG will prepare a report for consideration for the second phase of the World Summit on the Information Society, to be held in Tunis in 2005.

Internet to ITU: Stay Away from My Network
An ITU document entitled “Beyond Internet Governance” crossed my desk earlier this week. Given that I had absolutely nothing better to do, I decided to give it a read. The audacity of the ITU Secretariat is nothing less than shocking. It has been a long while since I read such a self-serving, narrow-minded and inaccurate document. The backbone of the ITU’s contention rests on the premise that something called the Next Generation Network and the contention that this network will act as one big bug fix for all the problems created by current inter-networking technology.

A Framework Convention: An Institutional Option for Internet Governance: Concept Paper by the Internet Governance Project
The paper, by John Mathiason, compares today’s situation to the controversies over climate change in the 1980s. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, rather than seeking to solve all of the problems in a single treaty, pursued a “framework convention,” which first established the principles and norms under which international action would proceed. It also set up a procedure for future negotiations over more detailed arrangements. The paper suggests a similar approach for Internet governance

ITU chiefs target ICANN turf
Senior people at the ITU are pushing for reforms that would see it take over management of the internet’s naming and addressing systems from the ICANN.

ITU Council Working Group on WSIS & Internet Governance
The ITU Council Working Group on WSIS is holding a meeting on 13-14 December 2004 discussing ITU activities relevant to the World Summit on the Information Society. The Working Group is to prepare, based on inputs of ITU Member States and Sector Members, as well as those of the Secretary-General and the Directors of the Bureaux and submit to ITU Council proposals on necessary ITU actions to help accomplish the goals and objectives articulated in the WSIS Declaration of Principles and Plan of Action.

Members Corner

AU
au: Outcome of auDA Registry Competition Review
The Registry Competition Review Panel was appointed by the auDA Board in July 2004 to review auDA’s competition model as it applies to the provision of .au 2LD registry services and to provide recommendations to the auDA Board about what changes (if any) should be made to the competition model.

au: Outcome of auDA Name Policy Rules Review
The Name Policy Review Panel was appointed by the auDA Board in July 2004 to review and recommend changes to auDA’s Domain Name Eligibility and Allocation Rules for Open 2LDs (2002-07).

au: VeriSign breaks silence on domain hijack (reg req’d)
VeriSign, which serves as the definitive registry for .com and .net domain names, says the panix.com domain hijack, was an “unauthorized (sic) transfer” which “occurred because of an inadvertent issue with a Registrar transfer system.”

us/au: ISP fights for return of hijacked domain
A New York Internet service provider is working to recover its hijacked domain name and e-mail services, according to a posting on its site Sunday in the US.

us/au: Melbourne IT accepts blame for domain hijack
Melbourne IT has acknowledged that it was partially responsible for a Web domain hijacking that left a New York Internet hosting company without an Internet address over the weekend.

Merry chase but no need to Panix (reg req’d)
A prominent New York ISP discovered the true meaning of the World Wide Web when a hijacker absconded with its domain name this month.

Protect yourself against domain name theft
The domain name hijacking of panix.com last week highlights a weaknesses in the Internet’s registrar system and should serve as a warning to all companies. It could happen to anyone.

au: Resolving Domain Name Disputes in Australia: A Brief Overview of the auDRP
In Australia, ASN.AU, COM.AU, EDU.AU, ID.AU, NET.AU and ORG.AU domain names are licensed subject to the .AU Dispute Resolution Policy (�auDRP�), which aims to provide an alternative to litigation for the resolution of domain name disputes.

CN
cn: China is rolling out the first network based on IPv6 technology,
China is rolling out the first network based on IPv6 technology. Officials claim top transmission speeds of 2.5 to 10 gigabits per second, with a trial connecting schools in Beijing and Tianjin reaching 40 gigabits per second. Coverage is expected to expand to 100 universities in the near future.

cn: Xinnet’s Free Domain Names Violate Rules
In order to motivate college students to use the Internet, Xinnet.com recently gave 10000 “bj.cn” domain names to Chinese students, free of charge. But this altruistic move appears to have landed the company in trouble.

cn: Shanghai is the first new top-level node for China’s Internet domain name system
The Ministry of Information Industry and the China Internet Network Information Centre (CNNIC) held the “Shanghai node of country code top-level domains (ccTLDs) signing ceremony” in the city on 21 December 2004 launching it as the first top-level node in the country.

cn: Netizens number over 90 million in China
To improve the function of Internet infrastructure in China, the Ministry of Information Industry and China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) will conduct a thorough evaluation and re-planning on the top servers of domain names across the country. The signing ceremony of national top domain name server held in Shanghai on Dec. 21 marks China’s first step forward to the re-planning of national top domain name service system, as well as a strategic readjustment to China’s domain name analytic service system.

cn: Chinese IDN in the News
News.com published a well-research article on the Chinese Domain Names by Winston Chai: “This approach works fine in the English-savvy world. However, for non-English speakers, they could be faced with the unenviable task of rote-learning numerical IP addresses, which is highly improbable, or the English spellings of dozens of Web sites they want to access.” Just a few points of interest.

JP

JPRS applied for candidacy in the next registry operator for “.NET” jointly with NeuLevel (19 January 2005)

JPRS Makes JP Domain Name Management and Administration Compliant with the Personal Information Protection Act from April 1 (2 February 2005)

More updates can be found at Japan Registry Service Co., Ltd Website

KR

kr: Samsung Wins Internet Domain Name Rights From South Korean Man
Samsung Group, South Korea’s biggest industrial conglomerate, has won the rights to an Internet domain name, according to a U.N. panel ruling released Wednesday.

NZ
nz: Hallowed be thy domain name
How should disputes over internet addresses be resolved in New Zealand?

nz: Consultation on establishing a dispute resolution process for the .nz domain name space
InternetNZ has previously set up a Working Group to look at dispute resolution processes for .nz domain names. After an evaluation of the options, including previous reports and consultation, the Working Group�s initial view (although not all members of the WG necessarily share this view) is that a dispute resolution process should be established for the .nz domain name space.

nz: Whois Policy Review: Draft Policy for Comment (pdf doc)
InternetNZ, through the Office of the Domain Name Commissioner, is reviewing the Whois Server Policy

nz/au/uk: Apple’s iTunes domain name spat, now Down Under
Just a week after it emerged that a UK entrepreneur had registered the itunes.co.uk Web address, much to the annoyance of Apple, it has been revealed that the Web addresses itunes.co.nz and itunes.com.au have also been registered by third parties.

PH
ph: Embattled .ph administrator lashes back at critics, CICT
JOSE Emmanuel Disini, administrator of “.ph” Internet domain, has broken his silence and lashed out at critics, in particular the government Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT).

.ph administrator seeks extension of government deadline
THE ADMINISTRATOR of the “.ph” Internet country domain has asked for an extension of a government-set January 15 deadline by which it must choose between accepting registration requests for .ph domain names or being the central repository of those domain names, a government official told INQ7.net.

ph: Talks on .ph domain still at stalemate
THE ADMINISTRATOR of the disputed �.ph� country code top-level domain (ccTLD) still refuses to accede to the terms provided by the Commission on Information and Communications Technology (CICT) on how to manage the domain.

SG
SGNIC concludes first phase of Implementation for 2nd level domain names

On 2 Jan 05, SGNIC concluded its first phase of the implementation for second-level domain.

This phase, which started in September last year was to accord registered trademark and well-known mark holders, government bodies and existing registrants priority in registering the second-level “.sg” domain names.
Where there were multiple applications within the same priority group for the same domain name, a closed bidding exercise was conducted to determine the successful applicant.

71 contested domain names were put through the closed bidding process. The registrant with the highest bid won the rights to the domain name.

2nd Level ‘.sg’ domain names officially launched
SGNIC has officially launched the 2nd level ‘.sg’ Domain Names on 3 Jan 2005. 2nd level ‘.sg’ domain names are now available for first-come-first-served registration. Those interested to apply for second-level domain names may do so with any of the seven SGNIC-accredited registrars

sg: Shorter Internet domain names launched
AFTER 15 weeks of registration and assessment, 5,923 second-level ‘.sg’ domain names were launched on Monday after they had been approved by the Singapore Network Information Centre (SGNIC), according to the Infocomm Development Authority (IDA) of Singapore.

sg: Almost 6,000 register for new .sg domain names
About 6,000 domain names on the Internet have registered with the all-new .sg suffix.